Poland was ruled for over five centuries from the Wawel hill, where the royal castle, residence of the kings of Poland and the Wawel cathedral where the kings of Poland were crowned and buried, is located. The Wavel hill lies over the Vistula river, south of the Old Town square. The 14th century castle houses a number of museums which are open to the public. The Roman Catholic cathedral, also known as Basilica of Sts. Stanislaus and Wenceslaus, was first built in the 11th century and finally rebuilt in Gothic style in the 14th century.
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