Ziggurat is an ancient Akkadian word used in Mesopotamia and Elam for a large, multi-layered temple. The Chogha Zanbil ziggurat was built in a square design with each side of the base approximately 105m long. It was built both with baked and mud bricks and was dedicated to the Elamite god Inshushinak.
The ziggurat lies in a larger archaeological site, known in antiquity as "Dur Untash". It was built in the 13th century BC by the Elamite king Untash Napirisha. The site consisted of three circular walls which encircled the Chogha Zanbil ziggurat. In addition to the ziggurat, several smaller temples were located on the site. The site was destroyed in 640 BC by the Assyrian king Ashurbanipal and was subsequently forgotten. It was rediscovered in the 20th century, with excavations taking place between 1951 and 1971 under the leadership of Roman Ghirshman. Chogha Zanbil has been a UNESCO World Heritage site since 1979. To access Chogha Zanbil it is necessary to arrange to charter a taxi or minibus because the site is not accessible with public transportation.
01 Chogha Zanbil ziggurat 02 Chogha Zanbil ziggurat 03 Chogha Zanbil ziggurat
04 Chogha Zanbil compound
05 Chogha Zanbil ziggurat
06 Chogha Zanbil ziggurat 07 Chogha Zanbil ziggurat
08 Chogha Zanbil ziggurat 09 Temple foundation
10 Inner court and ziggurat 11 Chogha Zanbil ziggurat 12 Brick walls
13 Cuneiform inscriptions on brick wall 14 Cuneiform inscriptions on bricks 15 Iranian tourists 16 Iranian tourists 17 Brick wall
18 Iranian man 19 Arch 20 Cuneiform inscriptions on brick 21 Southwestern stairway
22 Chogha Zanbil ziggurat 23 Chogha Zanbil ziggurat
24 Temple of Kiririsha 25 Temple of Kiririsha walls 26 Chogha Zanbil ziggurat
27 Chogha Zanbil ziggurat 28 Temple of Adad and Shala
29 Temple of Adad and Shala
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