The Bromo Tengger Semeru national park lies in east Java and includes the Bromo Tengger caldera. The massive Tengger caldera extends over 9x10 km and was formed when the superior part of a 4500m high stratovolcano collapsed a quarter of a million years ago. Inside the caldera are three volcanic cones, rising on a sea of black volcanic sand: Mt Batok (2470m), Mt Bromo (2392m) and Mount Kursi (2581m). South of the caldera lies Mount Semeru, at 3676m Java's highest peak and still an active volcano. The caldera is best viewed from Mt. Penanjakan (2770m) at dawn, when the rising sun creates a spectacular scenery.
01 Map of Tengger caldera 02 Tengger caldera at dawn
03 Tengger caldera at dawn 04 Mount Bromo, Batok, Kursi and Semeru at dawn
05 Mount Bromo, Batok, Kursi and Semeru at dawn 06 Tengger caldera at dawn 07 Tengger caldera at dawn
08 Mount Bromo, Batok, Kursi and Semeru at sunrise 09 Sunrise on Mt Bromo 10 Sunrise on Mt Bromo
11 Tourists experiencing Mt Bromo sunrise on Mount Penanjakan 12 Sunrise on Mt Bromo 01 Sea of sand with Mt Batok and tourists with jeeps
02 Sea of sand with Mt Bromo and Batok volcanic cones 03 Mount Bromo volcano and tourists 04 Black volcanic sand
05 Tourists walking towards Mt Bromo volcanic cone 06 Tourists on horses proceeding to Mt Bromo 07 Mount Batok volcanic cone 08 Tourists climbing staircase to Mt Bromo volcanic cone 09 Tourists climbing staircase to Mt Bromo volcanic cone
10 Smoking Mount Bromo volcanic cone 11 Smoking Mount Bromo volcanic cone 12 Smoking Mount Bromo volcanic cone 13 Smoking Mount Bromo volcanic cone 14 Mount Bromo volcanic cone edge
15 Panoramic view of Tengger caldera and Mt Batok volcanic cone 16 Mount Batok volcanic cone 17 Tourists on Mount Bromo volcanic cone edge
18 Panoramic view of Tengger caldera and Mt Batok volcanic cone 01 Rice terraces and coconut palm trees 02 Rice paddy
03 Mountain ridge in east Java 04 Mountain ridge in east Java
05 Star trails at night over Mt Bromo 06 Sunrise on Mount Penanjakan 07 Sunrise on Mount Penanjakan
08 Sunrise in east Java 09 Sunrise on Gunung Penanjakan 10 Sunrise in east Java
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