Brunei is an oil-rich sultanate, lying in the northwestern part of Borneo, and is entirely enclosed by the Malaysian federation. Brunei can look back to a rich history, spawning several centuries back. At the peak of its power Brunei controlled most of the island of Borneo and parts of the Southern Philippines. Nowadays Brunei is a small country whose capital is Bandar Seri Begawan. Its major attractions are its magnificent mosques and the museums. Brunei enjoys an elegant, affluent, laid back atmosphere.