With 3.4 million inhabitants Madrid is the capital of Spain and its largest city. Madrid lies in the centre of Spain on the Manzanares river at about 650m of altitude. It is connected by a network of high speed trains and motorways to all major urban centres in Spain. While the area of Madrid has been settled since prehistoric times and hosted a settlement in Roman times, the current city was initially set up in the 9th century under Arabic rule. The city was conquered by the Christian kings in 1085 and has expanded ever since. It was made the capital of the Spanish empire by Felipe II in 1561. The centre of Madrid contains a number of tourist attractions such as the royal palace and gardens, the Prado museum, the area around Cibeles square and Alcal street, Plaza Mayor and the old town. Overall the architecture in Madrid however is more austere than the one of Barcelona. The climate of Madrid is mediterranean continental with cold winters and hot summers.

Historic centre photo gallery  - 24 pictures of Historic centre
Alcalà street photo gallery  - 15 pictures of Alcalà street
Royal palace and Campo del Moro gardens photo gallery  - 20 pictures of Royal palace and Campo del Moro gardens
Around Plaza de Espana photo gallery  - 13 pictures of Around Plaza de Espana
24 photos of the historic centre of Madrid
15 photos of Alcal street, an elegant street in central Madrid
20 photos of the baroque Royal Palace in Madrid, the official residence of the King of Spain
13 photos of Plaza Espana, a large square in the centre of Madrid
Plaza Mayor photo gallery  - 22 pictures of Plaza Mayor
Paseo del Prado photo gallery  - 23 pictures of Paseo del Prado
Miscellaneous photos photo gallery  - 12 pictures of Miscellaneous photos
22 photos of Plaza Mayor, a major tourist attraction in central Madrid
23 photos of Paseo del Prado, a boulevard in Madrid connecting Plaza de Cibeles and Plaza de Atocha
12 miscellaneous photos of Madrid
Gallery with all images
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