Myanmar (also known as Burma or Birma) is a country in south east Asia extending from the southeastern end of the Himalaya mountain range southwards into the Indian ocean. The terrain is to a large extent mountaineous, with only the central region around the Ayeyarwady river being plain. Myanmar extends for 2000 km from north to south and has widely varying climatic regions, ranging from a temperate and fresh north to a tropical south. The first identifiable civilisation in the region is the one of the Mon, who by the mid-900s BC were the dominant power in southern Myanmar. Later a number of kingdoms developed in the region. These were first unified by the kingdom of Taungoo in the 16th century. In the 19th century the British conquered Myanmar and incorporated it into the British Raj. Myanmar became independent in 1948 initially as a democratic republic. Following the coup by the military in 1962, Myanmar has been ruled by the military ever since. Its economy nowadays is underdeveloped, also due to the economic sanctions imposed by the international community. When visiting Myanmar one gets the impression that the country is like Thailand was 30-40 years ago: little traffic in the streets, old cars, most men wearing traditional sarongs, very little crime. The capital of Myanmar was Yangon until 2005, when the capital was moved to Naypyidaw, a new city located 320km to the north.


Lower Myanmar
Yangon photo gallery  - 61 pictures of Yangon
Bago photo gallery  - 27 pictures of Bago
Pyay photo gallery  - 10 pictures of Pyay
Golden Rock photo gallery  - 23 pictures of Golden Rock
61 photos of Yangon (Rangoon), the former capital of Myanmar
27 photos of Bago, a town in lower Myanmar about one hour by car from Yangon
10 photos of Pyay, a city in lower Myanmar halfway between Yangon and Bagan
23 photos of the Golden Rock pagoda and nearby Kin Pun Camp

Central Myanmar
Mandalay photo gallery  - 143 pictures of Mandalay
Bagan photo gallery  - 112 pictures of Bagan
Mount Popa photo gallery  - 10 pictures of Mount Popa
Lake Inle photo gallery  - 64 pictures of Lake Inle
143 photos of the royal capital of Mandalay with its temples and palaces
112 photos of the historic site of Bagan (Pagan) with its temples and pagodas
10 photos of Mt Popa, the most magical of Burmese mountains and a major pilgrimage site
64 photos of lake Inle, including sceneries, villages, temples and people
Pindaya photo gallery  - 15 pictures of Pindaya
15 photos of Pindaya, a small town centered around a lake with a famous pagoda

Scenery and Villages
Landscapes photo gallery  - 26 pictures of Landscapes
Myanmar Villages and Towns photo gallery  - 23 pictures of Myanmar Villages and Towns
Ayeyarwady River photo gallery  - 34 pictures of Ayeyarwady River
26 photos of Burmese landscapes in southern and central Myanmar
23 photos of towns and villages in rural areas of Myanmar
34 photos of the Ayeyarwady river, the main river in Myanmar which crosses the country from north to south.

Economy
Agriculture in Myanmar photo gallery  - 26 pictures of Agriculture in Myanmar
Myanmar Roads and Highways photo gallery  - 17 pictures of Myanmar Roads and Highways
26 photos of agriculture in Myanmar, including rice, garlic, oil palm, sesame, sour plum and tomato cultivation and cattle and bee farming
17 photos of roads and highways in Myanmar

Burmese people and dishes
People in Myanmar photo gallery  - 39 pictures of People in Myanmar
Burmese Food photo gallery  - 13 pictures of Burmese Food
39 photos of people in Myanmar
13 photos of Burmese dishes and food
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Related travelogues
  • Myanmar 2002: 14 days spent travelling across lower and Central Myanmar in December 2002
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