Palm oil plantations are a major contributor to the economy of Sabah and are spread all over Sabah. In fact large tracts of virgin rainforest have been cleared to make place for palm oil plantations. The Gomantong caves lie along the road to Sukau in the lower Kinabatangan area in Sabah. They are large limestone caves, of which the larger one, Simud Hitam, has the largest pile of guano (bat excrements) in the world. The Bavanggazo Rungus longhouse is located 41 km south of Kudat and 98km north of Kota Kinabalu. It is a big, very well preserved longhouse built with traditional materials.

01 Oil palm plantation 02 Oil palm plantation 03 Oil palms 04 Oil palms 05 Oil palms
06 Oil palms 07 Oil palms 08 Oil palms 09 Oil palms 10 Oil palms
11 Oil palms 12 Oil palms 13 Oil palm plantation 14 Oil palm plantation
15 Oil palm plantation 16 Oil palm plantation 17 Oil palm plantation 18 Oil palm plantation 19 Oil palm plantation 20 Oil palm plantation
21 Young oil palms 22 Oil palm nursery 23 Oil palm nursery 24 Oil palm fruit clusters 25 Oil palm fruit
26 Oil palm fruit clusters 27 Oil palm fruit clusters 28 Oil palm fruit clusters 29 Oil palm fruit clusters 30 Oil palm fruit cluster
31 Oil palm fruit clusters 32 Oil palm fruit cluster 33 Truck carrying oil palm fruit clusters 34 Truck carrying oil palm fruit clusters and plantation worker
35 Truck carrying oil palm fruit clusters and plantation worker 36 Truck carrying oil palm fruit clusters and plantation worker 37 Truck carrying oil palm fruit clusters 01 Walkway to cave 02 Simud Hitam cave entrance
03 Frontal view of cave with walkways 04 Cave interior 05 Bird nest harvesting ladders 06 Simud Hitam cave interior 07 Bird nest harvesting in rear part of cave 08 Bird nest harvesting in rear part of cave
09 Rear part of cave 10 Simud Hitam cave interior 11 Light entering from rear opening of cave 12 Simud Hitam cave with openings 13 Main entrance to cave
01 Lateral view of the Bavanggazo longhouse 02 Bavanggazo Rungus longhouse 03 Rungus longhouse and coconut trees 04 Rungus longhouse and coconut trees
05 Rungus longhouse 06 Southern side of the Bavanggazo longhouse 07 Bavanggazo Rungus longhouse 08 Rungus longhouse and coconut trees 09 Lateral view of the Bavanggazo longhouse
10 Wooden tower 11 Wooden tower 12 Rungus longhouse 13 Rungus longhouse 14 Wooden stilts 15 Souvenir shop
16 Rungus longhouse 17 Rungus longhouse 18 Roof and wooden wall 19 Longhouse detail
20 Rungus longhouse 21 Rungus longhouse 22 Rungus longhouse on stilts 01 Inside the Rungus longhouse 02 Inside the Rungus longhouse
03 Common hall 04 Common hall 05 Common hall 06 Hall with bowl gong instruments 07 Hall with bowl gong instruments
08 Covered passage 09 Passageway 10 Passageway 11 Common area inside the longhouse 12 Living quarters 13 Bamboo floor
14 Living quarters 15 Handicrafts 16 Bead jewelry for sale 17 Colourful scarves
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©Copyright Alfred Molon