Palm oil plantations are a major contributor to the economy of Sabah and are spread all over Sabah. In fact large tracts of virgin rainforest have been cleared to make place for palm oil plantations. The Gomantong caves lie along the road to Sukau in the lower Kinabatangan area in Sabah. They are large limestone caves, of which the larger one, Simud Hitam, has the largest pile of guano (bat excrements) in the world. The Bavanggazo Rungus longhouse is located 41 km south of Kudat and 98km north of Kota Kinabalu. It is a big, very well preserved longhouse built with traditional materials.

01 Oil palm plantation 02 Oil palm plantation 03 Oil palms 04 Oil palms
05 Oil palms 06 Oil palms 07 Oil palms 08 Oil palms 09 Oil palms
10 Oil palms 11 Oil palms 12 Oil palms 13 Oil palm plantation
14 Oil palm plantation 15 Oil palm plantation 16 Oil palm plantation 17 Oil palm plantation 18 Oil palm plantation
19 Oil palm plantation 20 Oil palm plantation 21 Young oil palms 22 Oil palm nursery 23 Oil palm nursery
24 Oil palm fruit clusters 25 Oil palm fruit 26 Oil palm fruit clusters 27 Oil palm fruit clusters 28 Oil palm fruit clusters
29 Oil palm fruit clusters 30 Oil palm fruit cluster 31 Oil palm fruit clusters 32 Oil palm fruit cluster
33 Truck carrying oil palm fruit clusters 34 Truck carrying oil palm fruit clusters and plantation worker 35 Truck carrying oil palm fruit clusters and plantation worker 36 Truck carrying oil palm fruit clusters and plantation worker
37 Truck carrying oil palm fruit clusters 01 Walkway to cave 02 Simud Hitam cave entrance 03 Frontal view of cave with walkways 04 Cave interior
05 Bird nest harvesting ladders 06 Simud Hitam cave interior 07 Bird nest harvesting in rear part of cave 08 Bird nest harvesting in rear part of cave 09 Rear part of cave
10 Simud Hitam cave interior 11 Light entering from rear opening of cave 12 Simud Hitam cave with openings 13 Main entrance to cave
01 Lateral view of the Bavanggazo longhouse 02 Bavanggazo Rungus longhouse
03 Rungus longhouse and coconut trees 04 Rungus longhouse and coconut trees 05 Rungus longhouse 06 Southern side of the Bavanggazo longhouse 07 Bavanggazo Rungus longhouse
08 Rungus longhouse and coconut trees 09 Lateral view of the Bavanggazo longhouse 10 Wooden tower 11 Wooden tower 12 Rungus longhouse
13 Rungus longhouse 14 Wooden stilts 15 Souvenir shop 16 Rungus longhouse
17 Rungus longhouse 18 Roof and wooden wall 19 Longhouse detail 20 Rungus longhouse
21 Rungus longhouse 22 Rungus longhouse on stilts 01 Inside the Rungus longhouse 02 Inside the Rungus longhouse 03 Common hall
04 Common hall 05 Common hall 06 Hall with bowl gong instruments 07 Hall with bowl gong instruments 08 Covered passage
09 Passageway 10 Passageway 11 Common area inside the longhouse 12 Living quarters 13 Bamboo floor
14 Living quarters 15 Handicrafts 16 Bead jewelry for sale 17 Colourful scarves
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©Copyright Alfred Molon