The Amman citadel, named Jabal al-Qal'a, lies in central Amman on top of a hill overlooking the city. The area has been settled since the paleolithic age for over 18000 years. Most older structures were destroyed by the Romans, who cleared the area to make space for new construction. The Umayyad complex and the temple of Hercules are the most significant structures left today.

01 Byzantine church ruins 02 Doric columns 03 Umayyad monumental gateway 04 Umayyad monumental gateway 05 Umayyad marketplace ruins
06 Arch 07 Corridor 08 Wall 09 View through gate 10 Inside the Umayyad monumental gateway 11 Roman temple of Hercules
12 Roman temple of Hercules ruins 13 Roman temple of Hercules 14 Temple of Hercules at sunset
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