With an altitude of 5670m Mount Damavand is the highest mountain of Iran and of the entire region until the Himalayas. Located in the Alborz mountain range to the north of Tehran it is also the highest volcano in the whole of Asia. Mt Damavand is dormant with no recorded eruptions in human history, but still has some activity in the form of sulphureos emissions near the summit. From a distance Mt Damavand looks a bit like Mount Fuji in Japan because of its conical shape.
Mt Damavand is a popular climbing destination, due to its easy accessibility and the fact that the trail to the summit is free of snow in the summer months. A number of routes to the summit exist, of which the southern one is the easiest one and can be completed in two or three days. On a two-day program climbers spend the night before the climb at altitude either in Polur (2200m), Reineh (about 2000m) or in camp 2 (the Goosfand Sara base camp). The next day climbers proceed to camp 3 (the Bargah Sevom camp) at 4200m of altitude. After an additional night at altitude climbers start early in the morning, typically around 5am, for the summit climb. The summit is usually reached in 5-6 hours, i.e. before noon. After a short break the descent starts around noon and climbers usually are back at camp 3 by 3pm. Climbers then have the option of staying one more night at camp 3, which makes sense if the summit climb took longer than expected and climbers only returned to camp 3 late in the afternoon or if climbers are very tired. Otherwise climbers leave camp 3 by 5-6pm at the latest in order to reach camp 2 before dark. The descent from camp 3 to camp 2 is doable in two hours.
A certain level of fitness is required, because beyond 3800m the air is very thin and there is the risk of suffering from altitude sickness. A special breathing technique is necessary at altitude, especially if climbers are not fully acclimatised. It is advisable to do the climb with somebody who has already done it and has experience at high altitudes. The climb is not technically difficult, the only challenges are the high altitude, combined with the strong sun, sometimes strong wind, dry air, dust in the air and the trail which in large parts consists of loose rocks and even sand.

01 Mosque 02 Golden minaret 03 Resting area and mosque 03 Resting area with bridge and mosque
04 Golden dome of mosque 06 View of Mt Damavand from Polur 07 Mountain climber statue in Polur 08 Shop in Polur 09 Hostel of the Iranian Mountaineering Federation
10 Hostel of the Iranian Mountaineering Federation 11 4WD car in hostel parking lot 12 Road from Polur to Camp 2 13 Jeep on road from Polur to Camp 2
14 Road from Polur to Camp 2 15 Goosfand Sara base camp and mosque 16 Goosfand Sara base camp 17 Donkeys carrying bags
18 Goosfand Sara base camp 19 Indiana Jones in Camp 2 20 Goosfand Sara mosque 21 Goosfand Sara base camp 01 View of Mt Damavand
02 Hikers on the trail 03 Hikers on the trail 04 View of Mt Damavand 05 View of Mt Damavand 06 Rock formation
07 View of Mt Damavand 08 View of Mt Damavand 09 View of Mt Damavand 10 View of Mt Damavand
11 View of Mt Damavand 12 Inscription on rock 13 Mt Damavand 14 View of Mt Damavand 15 Mt Damavand
16 Hikers climbing Mt Damavand 17 Hiking trail 18 Pile of rocks 19 Hikers resting
20 Hikers descending Mt Damavand 21 Hikers resting for a while 22 Hikers descending Mt Damavand 23 Hikers taking a break 24 Hikers descending Mt Damavand
01 Bargah Sevom refuge and camp 02 Bargah Sevom refuge 03 Bargah Sevom tent camp
04 Bargah Sevom tent camp 05 Bargah Sevom shelter 06 Community room 07 Bargah Sevom tent camp
08 Bargah Sevom facilities and valley 09 Bargah Sevom facilities and valley 10 Climbing the stairs 11 Bargah Sevom camp
12 Sunset 13 Sunset 14 Sunset 01 Sunrise
02 Mountain slope 03 Mountain slope 04 Sun rising behind mountain slope 05 Mountain slope with snow fields
06 Mountain slope with snow fields 07 Hikers resting in the morning 08 Mountain slope at 5200m 09 Mountain slope at 5200m
10 Hikers climbing Mt Damavand 11 Snow fields at 5300m altitude 12 Snow fields at 5300m altitude 13 Snow fields at 5400m altitude
14 Snow fields at 5400m altitude 15 Snow fields at 5400m altitude 16 Trail to the summit 17 Trail to the summit 18 View towards the summit
19 View of the summit crater 20 View of the summit crater 21 Sulphur rock 22 Sulphur rock 23 Sulphur rock
24 Trail close to the summit crater 25 Summit area 26 Crater rocks 27 Clmbing towards the summit 28 Clmbing towards the summit
29 Clmbing towards the summit 30 Hiker approaching summit crater 31 Hiker approaching summit crater 32 Hiker approaching summit crater 33 Hiker approaching summit crater
34 Hiker among summit crater rocks 35 Hikers on summit crater 36 Hikers on summit crater 01 Summit crater with glacier
02 Summit crater with glacier 03 Climbers on the summit 04 Summit crater with glacier 05 Crater
06 Rock formations 07 View of Lar lake 01 Irrigated valley 02 Mt Damavand
03 Mt Damavand 04 Mt Damavand 05 Road to Mt Damavand
06 Mt Damavand 07 Mt Damavand 08 Mt Damavand 09 Mt Damavand
10 Mt Damavand 11 Mt Damavand 12 Mt Damavand 13 Around camp 3
14 Mt Damavand 15 View from Mt Damavand 16 View from Mt Damavand 17 Hiker climbing Mt Damavand
18 Early morning view from Mt Damavand
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