Java, known as Jawa in Indonesian, is a large island centrally located in the Indonesian archipelago. It is over 1000km long and has with 130 million inhabitants a high population density. Java is almost entirely of volcanic origin and is crossed by a chain of mountains extending from east to west. Many volcanoes in Java are still active and the highest one is Gunung Semeru (3676m). Due to the fertility of the soil Java is intensively cultivated and up to four harvests per year are possible.
The Srivijaya kingdom flourished over most of Java between the 7th and 13th centuries and was followed by the Majapahit empire. In the 13th century Islam started spreading in Indonesia and became the dominant religion in Java by the end of the 16th century. European colonisation of Java started with the arrival of the Dutch in the 17th century. Java became independent in 1945 as part of the republic of Indonesia. The capital of Indonesia, Jakarta, is located in western Java.

Jakarta photo gallery  - 109 pictures of Jakarta
Bromo Tengger Semeru national park photo gallery  - 40 pictures of Bromo Tengger Semeru national park
Borobudur photo gallery  - 31 pictures of Borobudur
Prambanan photo gallery  - 44 pictures of Prambanan
109 photos of Jakarta, the capital of Indonesia and the largest city in SE Asia
40 photos of the Bromo Tengger Semeru national park and the Bromo Tengger caldera in east Java
31 photos of Borobudur, the largest Buddhist monument in southeast Asia
44 photos of the Prambanan site in central Java, a major Hindu temple complex
Bandung photo gallery  - 19 pictures of Bandung
Rancabali district photo gallery  - 31 pictures of Rancabali district
19 photos of Bandung, a Javanese city located 120km southeast of Jakarta at an altitude of 770m
31 photos of the Rancabali district in Java, a beautiful area of mountains and high plains
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©Copyright Alfred Molon