Mycenae, the kingdom of mythical Agamemnon, is the most significant palatial centre of the late bronze age in Greece. It is located in the Peloponnese between Corinth and Argos, on a naturally defensible hill with plentiful supply of fresh water, dominating the Argive plain and controlling both the land and sea routes. Mycenae has been inhabited since the seventh millennium BC (Neolithic period). Very little remains of this early settlement because of continuous re-occupation up until the historical period. Most of the monuments visible today were erected in the Late Bronze Age, between 1350 and 1200 BC, when the site was at its peak. After the 12th century BC Mycenae went into decline. It was rediscovered in the 19th century, when archaeological excavation activities started. In 1876, after opening several small test trenches in 1874, Heinrich Schliemann began excavating Grave Circle A, where he uncovered five graves. The site of Mycenae is a UNESCO World Heritage site.

01 Main entrance 02 Main entrance 03 Stone wall 04 Main entrance with lintel stone 05 Main entrance with lintel stone
06 Interior chamber 07 Interior chamber 08 Interior chamber 01 Panoramic view of Mycenae 02 Panoramic view of Mycenae
03 The citadel 04 Lion gate 05 Lion gate 06 Lion gate 07 Lion gate
08 Lion gate 09 Grave circle 10 Path to Lion gate 11 Path to Lion gate 12 Palace ruins
13 North quarter buildings 14 Hills and olive trees 15 Hills and olive trees 16 City wall 17 Hill behind city
18 Ruins of temple 01 Anthropomorphic statue 02 Anthropomorphic statue 03 Amphora vase 04 Golden funerary mask
05 Kantharos vase 06 Iron spear points and spearheads 07 Swords 08 Bronze tripod cauldron 09 Jewels and inlays
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